Desert Hairy Scorpion Care Guide
The Species: Desert Hairy Scorpions (Hadrurus arizonensis) also known as Giant Desert Hairy Scorpions, Giant Hairy Scorpions, or Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpions are native to Arizona in North America, and as the name suggests inhabits desert areas usually found in and around washes or low-elevation valleys where they dig elaborate burrows. These animals are solitary as they can be very territorial and aggressive towards one another.
Enclosure: This species is terrestrial and should be housed in plastic rub with good ventilations such as a faunarium or in a glass terrarium. As adults, these animals should be kept in an ideal enclosure size of 30x30x30cm however as scorplings (babies) or juveniles, they should be provided with appropriate sized enclosures not too large as to stress them out.
Being a species residing within arid deserts they need suitable substrate made from a sand based substrate, we would recommend Aquarium Sand however other substrates are also appropriate ProRep Leo Life or Arcadia Arid Earth Mix, we wouldn't generally using tropical substrates. They should be provided with a deep layer of substrate to give them the option to bury themselves.
Various decor and apparatus should be included to provide as natural of an enclosure as possible. Woods, rocks, caves and foliage are all suitable to use for this species along with a very small bowl for water should be readily available as well.
Heating: These animals should be kept at a temperature range of 30-34 degrees celcius (86-93 degrees farenheight). They should be provided with a hot and cool end and with a basking spot to reach peak temperatures. Heating should be provided by a nano heat lamp or a heat mat on a thermostat, all heating should be on a 12 hour cycle, turning off at night to provide a natural drop in temperature.
Lighting: Scorpions don't require lighting such as UVB but providing them with a day/night sequence can help improve their wellbeing. This can be accomplished using UVB or LED lighting, blue lighting can also make Scorpions more active so you can observe their behaviours more. All lighting should be on a 12 hour cycle. Some Scorpions shine a bright blue/green under Ultra Violet Lighting and is often used for display purposes, however they should not be exposed to this lighting for extended periods of time because long exposure can be harmful and has even been found to cause cancer within the animals.
Humidity: Being a tropical species, Asian Forest Scorpions should have levels of humidity of approximately 50-55% and should ideally not raise above that. When in moult, it is best to keep the humidity higher, closer to 55%.
Diet: Scorpions are natural predators which actively hunt their prey. This means that they have to be given live food. They can be given a wide variety of insects for food starting with small crickets for scorplings (babies) and going up to a wider range including crickets, locust, cockroaches, morio worms etc. They should be given appropriate sized feeds dependant on the size of the animal themselves, they should be fed every 2-3 days and at a minimum once a week. If there is still food in the enclosure from their previous feed, don't add more and if they are going into mould or have just finished it, they should be given a few days before feeding. Scorpions hunting behaviour is dependant on the size of their stinger and their pincers, if a scorpion has large pincers but a smaller stinger, they will mostly use their pincers to hunt however if a scorpion has a larger stinger but smaller pincers, they will mostly use their stinger to hunt, this is also how you can determine how venomous a species is.
Water is also an extremely important aspect to an animals diet and constant water access should be provided in a water bowl and should be changed daily, we generally recommend RO water or mineral water due to tap water containing chlorine which can be harmful to some animals.